Advanced Manufacturing and Engineering (AME) research is working towards faster computers, longer lasting batteries, lower power memory devices, stronger, lighter materials, better catalysts, and more, with research programme spanning all aspects of AME. We aim for a collaborative environment to build global impact in AME.
Currently, there are four main research themes under AME:
Advanced Materials Development
We investigate all possible means of creating advanced materials and device structures, spanning from advanced thin film deposition techniques including molecular beam epitaxy and atomic layer chemical vapour deposition, to self-assembled monolayers and chemical synthesis. New materials are being developed for energy storage, batteries and supercapacitors, new catalysts, novel nanoelectronic and spintronic devices and new energy-related materials, biosensors and biomaterials. We are also building a new paradigm for materials development through the synergistic combination of advanced materials development and fabrication with world-class characterisation and modelling.
Advanced Materials Manufacturing
Advanced manufacturing can translate materials into more value-added, as well as more economic functional devices. Today, additive manufacturing is an emerging technique in advanced manufacturing. There are many material issues in advanced manufacturing, for example surface finishing of metallic structures and high performance ceramics, and how to achieve single step formation without significant volume shrinkage. Another important issue is defect incorporation which can affect mechanical and other properties catastrophically. Understanding the formation of material defects is crucial for structural control. We are investigating these fundamental issues through the synergistic combination of materials modelling and simulation and materials characterisation down to the atomic level.
Advanced Materials Characterisation
We have unmatched facilities for characterising materials properties including the first aberration-corrected scanning transmission electron microscope in South-East Asia, which can see and identify individual atoms in materials. We are building a correlative, multiscale, multimodal characterisation facility to image materials functionality, trace its origin to the atomic level, and gain critical insight into how the materials functionality could be enhanced.
Advanced Materials Modelling
In synergy with multiscale imaging we are developing multiscale modelling; from the macroscopic level to the atomic scale, including reaction to forces, flows, charges (ions and electrons) and chemical activity. We aim to match movies taken by microscopy to computer simulations, to identify the key controlling parameters and understand the links across the ten orders of magnitude in scale from material components to the atoms that ultimately determine their performance.