Engineering in Medicine

The Engineering in Medicine (EIM) track is designed for engineering students to learn from and work closely with medical professionals (doctors, physiotherapists, nurses, etc.) and members of the engineering faculty to conceptualise, design, test and develop medical technology for healthcare needs. Designed specially to bridge engineering and medicine, the track introduces engineering students to the realities and challenges they will face when developing practical solutions for the treatment and care of patients.


PROJECTS


Dysphagia Rehabilitation Training Device

Oropharyngeal Dysphagia (OD) is a serious swallowing disorder that affects patients suffering from a wide range of diseases such as stroke, nasopharyngeal cancer and ALS. The team has developed a device to help patients to overcome OD via physical exercise. The team has won several accolades at NHIC Innovation to Develop Awards and NUS FOE Innovation and Research Awards.

Eye Tracking Device

This is a project aiming to develop a system capable of detecting the movement of the human eye-ball and extracting useful information such as the range of eye-ball movement, movement speed, head movement range, speed and frequency, etc. Such information will be useful in the field of medicine, where certain ailments of the eye can be diagnosed, monitored and rehabilitated.

Soft Robotics Material For Implantable Blood Pumps

Only 10% of patients awaiting heart transplant are able to receive a transplant every year. Man-made mechanical circulatory support systems are being used in place of heart transplant to bridge this gap. In this project, students are designing an enhanced Left Ventricle Assist Device (LVAD) to support an ailing heart in maintaining normal blood circulation. The project develops a novel pump and power system for LVADs to minimize the risk of infections, allow patient specific customization and reduce costs compared to existing devices.

Point-of-Care Diagnostics For Hand, Foot And Mouth Disease

Hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) is an infectious disease that affects children under the age of 5. The current detection methodology for HFMD includes laboratory testing which requires complicated sample handling and long turn-around times. To enable rapid and reliable detection of HFMD, this project is developing a point-of-care testing kit for usage in childcare centres and kindergartens. The developed prototype uses saliva as the biological sample and Surface Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy as the detection methodology.

Optimizing The Workflow In NUH Heart Pharmacy

Hospital pharmacies are tasked with serving a high volume of patients while managing a large inventory of drugs. Being one of the last stops in the healthcare service chain, pharmacies are especially susceptible to patient complaints when the waiting time is long. This project aims to reduce the patient waiting time to enhance the service quality in hospital pharmacies. The project uses human factor engineering and statistical tools to optimize the manpower allocation in pharmacies.

CANDEE : Point-of-Care Diagnostics For Cancer

Cancer is one of the leading causes of mortality in Singapore. The current detection methodologies rely on cumbersome techniques which require laboratory equipment. In this project, students are developing a point-of-care diagnostic kit to facilitate low-cost and early detection of cancer. The project involves development of cost-effective platforms for separating plasma from blood sample and fabricating a microfluidic chip to quantify the concentration of cancer antigens in the sample.

Novel Compliant Cat Robot

This project is developing a novel compliant cat robot that can be used for search and rescue operations, entertainment purposes and military stealth. The quadrapedalled robot is designed to look like a cat, move like a cat and even behave like a cat. The project involves mechanical design, microcontroller programming and a communication module interfacing.

IoT Enabled Innovation For Emergency And Disaster

This project develops a system to enable faster rescue of casualties during an emergency situation. The team is using IoT based indoor localisation of casualties to assist firefighters in rescue operations. The system uses low-energy Bluetooth beacons for indoor localisation. In addition, the system uses RFID and mobile application to provide access to the floorplan of the emergency area.

HAPee - Solution For Urinary Incontinence

Urinary incontinence – defined as the loss of bladder control is a common problem among children and elderly. The HAPee team is developing a solution that enables children suffering from urinary incontinence to regain control of their bedwetting condition. The developed prototype – HAPee – enables patients to non-invasively measure the urine volume in bladder and triggers an alert when the bladder is full.

Taxeia – Partial Weight Bearing Learning Device

Weight bearing refers to amount of weight a patient puts on a leg that underwent surgery. The current methods of measuring weight bearing such as force plates, bathroom scales and limb load monitors are expensive, designed for lab usage and do not provide real time feedback after training. Taxeia is a partial weight bearing training device that uses biofeedback to provide real time monitoring during patient rehabilitation.

Wheelchairs For The Needy Elderly

Electric wheelchairs provide a higher degree of independence compared to manual designs. However, electric wheelchairs are prone to frequent breakdowns and require regular maintenance. During the maintenance sessions, wheelchair users are left stranded at home unable to carry out their activities of daily living. This project develops a solution for the elderly to maintain their mobility while their electric wheelchair is under maintenance. The project team has developed a power add-on module to motorise the manual wheelchairs.